The Power of Hindsight: 1942 at the Movies

It is time, once again, to delve back into the past and see how things look. Ever since 1928, the Academy Awards have been held, showcasing the greatest achievements in filmmaking.King's Row (1942) It is years later, however, that both audiences and critics are able to really examine all the movies, and it is then that the power of hindsight helps us to determine which films are truly the best. When putting these lists together I follow the same Best Picture criteria that is in place today (because I think it works brilliantly), meaning that there have to be five nominees, and can’t be more than ten. When looking back into the golden age of cinema it’s easy to come up with ten nominees, in fact it wouldn’t be hard to pick 15 or 20, but doing it this way separates the “greats” from the “goods”. This also gives the opportunity to look at smaller films that were perhaps panned upon their initial release, but have grown in popularity over the years. Sometimes there are foreign language films that weren’t seen by enough people, sometimes an animated film becomes a “classic”. There are so many things that time can change, but the power of hindsight helps clear everything up.

Cat People (1942)

When it comes to 1942, there are some release dates that need to be mentioned, just to make things clear. For starters, the David Lean film, “In Which We Serve” Now, Voyager (1942)was released in the UK on September 17th, 1942, and the United States on December 23rd, 1942. I don’t know which technicality made it eligible for the Academy Awards in 1943 instead of 1942 (it was a Best Picture nominee in ’43), but for the sake of this article, I am going to consider it a film from 1942. Likewise there is another British film, “The 49th Parallel” aka “The Invaders”, which was released in the UK November 24th, 1941, but in the United States April 15th, 1942, making it eligible for a Best Picture nomination (which it received) in 1942. For our purposes, however, we will consider this a film from 1941.

To start with, here are the ten Best Picture nominees from 1942:

  • “The Invaders” aka (“The 49th Parallel”)The Magnificent Ambersons (1942)
  • “King’s Row”
  • “The Magnificent Ambersons”
  •  “Mrs. Miniver”
  • “The Pied Piper”
  • “The Pride of the Yankees”
  • “Random Harvest”
  • “The Talk of the Town”
  • “Wake Island”
  • “Yankee Doodle Dandy”

Those are some pretty impressive films!

Random Harvest (1942)

Let’s address each of these, one by one. “The Invaders”, as discussed before, was released in 1941, so no longer can be eligible. “King’s Row” is a good drama, but today doesn’t hold up quite as well. Lot’s of drama and good performances, but ultimately it is a bit of a letdown. Orson Welles’ follow-up to “Citizen Kane” the Pride of the Yankees (1942)was the enormous undertaking of “The Magnificent Ambersons”, which although did receive some negative comments in 1942, still managed to gain a Best Picture nomination. Oddly enough, with the passing years it is regarded higher today than at any time in the past. “Mrs. Miniver” was the Best Picture winner in 1942, and for my money, it deserved to be. What a fantastic film, filled with memorable performances and unparalleled beauty. “The Pied Piper”, on the other hand…not so much. It’s still a good movie, but I don’t think it has lived up to that coveted Best Picture status. “The Pride of the Yankees” is a wonderful movie for many reasons. Gary Cooper, Walter Brennan, and Teresa Wright are all amazing, and the story of Lou Gehrig is an important one, that director Sam Wood does a beautiful job of telling.Talk of the Town (1942) I know some people find “Random Harvest” to be a bit melodramatic, but I completely disagree. This film is so moving that I can’t help but be affected by its poignancy. “The Talk of the Town” is a hard film to classify. Part drama, part comedy, it is the kind of picture that could have trouble finding an audience, yet everyone seems to enjoy this well-blended mix, as well as the great performances from Ronald Colman, Jean Arthur, and Cary Grant. “Wake Island” is a good war movie, and I see how it was nominated upon its release, but there are plenty of other war films that are just as good if not better, so today it becomes a little lost in the shuffle of time. And that (at long last) brings us around to “Yankee Doodle Dandy”. What a film, and what a performance. There is just no arguing that one.

Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942)

I know what you’re thinking, all of those films are great, perhaps we should just leave the list alone, right?. Well, as great as those ten films are, I think they can be improved some, especially after examining the other releases from 1942. Les Visiteurs de Soir (1942)But where to begin? There are some films that offer great performances such as Van Heflin in “Johnny Eager”, Rosalind Russell in “My Sister Eileen”, Joan Crawford in “Reunion in France”, Bette Davis in “Now, Voyager”, or Katharine Hepburn in “Woman of the Year”. In addition to “Yankee Doodle Dandy”, there are some other notable musical films like Bing Crosby and Fred Astaire in “Holiday Inn”, Judy Garland and Gene Kelly in “For Me and My Gal”, Fred Astaire and Rita Hayworth in “You Were Never Lovelier”, and even Bing Crosby and Bob Hope’s classic “Road to Morocco”. And then there were foreign films of note, including Yasujiro Ozu’s “There was a Father” and the amazing “Les Visiteurs du Soir” directed by Marcel Carne. Also, there were a couple of legendary directors who released films in 1942, like Cecil B. DeMille’s “Reap the Wild Wind” and Alfred Hitchcock’s “Saboteur”. The Major and the Minor" (1942)So many great movies… but we’re not done yet. What about Humphrey Bogart, Mary Astor, and Sydney Greenstreet in “Across the Pacific”, or Jean Gabin and Ida Lupino in “Moontide”? How about the Disney animated classic “Bambi”? Lest we forget to include (even if just because we love it so much) the B horror classic, “Cat People”.

Even after all of that, it was comedies that were the real highlight in 1942, and they didn’t get too much attention from the Academy either (as usual). Billy Wilder made his American debut with the hilarious “The Major and the Minor”, starring Ray Milland and Ginger Rogers,The Palm Beach Story (1942) and there was also Rene Clair’s comedic “I Married a Witch”, with Frederic March and Veronica Lake. And then the great Preston Sturges followed up his amazing 1941 (“The Lady Eve” & “Sullivan’s Travels”) with the riotous Claudette Colbert/Joel McCrea picture, “The Palm Beach Story”. The highlight of the comedy world, however, belongs to another brilliant and hilarious director, Ernst Lubitsch. His 1942 film “To Be or Not To Be” is too good for words, and remains today one of the funniest motion pictures of all time. Carol Lombard and Jack Benny are perfect, and I still don’t understand how this film didn’t receive more acclaim upon its initial release.

To Be or Not to Be (1942)

It could go without saying that there were enough films to fill two good years in 1942, but now comes the difficult part of narrowing things down to just ten, which incidentally, was harder than I ever expected. I had to make some tough choices, and I am sure that a couple of my decisions will be unpopular, but ten nominees means ten nominees. Here is my list of nominees; the ten best films of 1942.

Of course, with so many memorable titles, it might be easy to disagree! I, for one, can’t believe that I don’t have room for “Talk of the Town”, “Moontide” or “Now, Voyager”, all of which I thought had a good chance to make the final cut. If only all years were as fantastic as 1942. You can also read more on The Power of Hindsight with my thoughts on 1936, 1954 or 1963.

Moontide (1942)

 

 

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The Power of Hindsight – 1936: Classic Movie History Project Blogathon

This post is a contribution to the Classic Movie History Blogathon hosted by Movies Silently, Silver Screenings, and Once Upon a Screen. Be sure to read all the posts from the different years and catch up on the history that you may have missed.

1936

 

The year that was 1936 was a year where change abounded both throughout the world and at the cinemas. Looking back more than 75 years later, it is easy to see how things were progressing, both in good ways and in bad. Some of these things were necessary to the improvement of our world. In March of that year, Boulder Dam (later to become Hoover Dam)Boulder Dam was finally completed after a dedication ceremony in September of ’35 by President Roosevelt. In November, the historic San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge, connecting the San Francisco Peninsula to the East Bay area, opened to the public. (And boy are we glad it’s there!) And then later that same month President Franklin D. Roosevelt was re-elected with a staggering majority of the Electoral College vote (523-8), making it the most lopsided victory (going by Electoral votes) in Unites States history. In May, the 35-year-old Margaret Mitchell published her one and only fictional novel, “Gone with the Wind”, taking the country by storm, and earning herself both the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. (You’d have to wait three more years for the movie, of course!)

In sports, the first voting for the Baseball Hall of Fame was held, electing five notable players in the inaugural class, including Babe Ruth, San Francisco Oakland Bay BridgeTy Cobb, and Walter Johnson. The New York Yankees beat the New York Giants in the World Series, four games to two, starting a streak of four consecutive World Series titles for the Yankees. If that isn’t enough, 1936 is also the year that saw the birth of future legends Albert Finney, Dennis Hopper, Roy Orbison, Jim Henson, Wilt Chamberlain, Don Drysdale, Buddy Holly, and of course, Robert Redford.

But not everything was happy and great with the world. 1936 brought on its fair share of trouble (and even more so). July saw the beginning of the Spanish Civil War that would last until 1939. King George V died in January, and his eldest son became King… but not for long. By December, Edward VIII advocates the throne (causing quite a scandal) and King George VI begins his reign. 1936 also saw the passing of author Rudyard Kipling, actor John Gilbert, as well as the shocking death of legendary film producer Irving Thalberg, at the very young age of 37.

And then there was Adolf Hitler. In early March, Hitler and Nazi Germany broke the Treaty of Versailles by reoccupying the OlympicsRhineland, and by December it became mandatory for every German boy, between the ages of 10-18, to join the Hitler Youth Organization. Germany also hosted the Olympic Games where Hitler was able to promote “his government and ideals of racial supremacy”. He even went so far as to attempt to disallow certain races and Jews from the Olympic games. My, what the power of hindsight can do.

Looking back now in the early part of 2014 it is easy to see mistakes and problems because we have already learned the history. Just as this is true throughout the world, it is true in the film industry. If you were to look at the Best Picture nominees for any year, it is an almost certainty that the same films would not be nominated again because we have to power of hindsight, and we now understand which of these films seem great, and which ones are great. In 1936, there were 10 Best Picture nominees:

  1. Dodsworth (1936)“Anthony Adverse”
  2. “Dodsworth”
  3. “The Great Ziegfeld”
  4. “Libeled Lady”
  5. “Mr. Deeds Goes to Town”
  6. “Romeo and Juliet”
  7. “San Francisco”
  8. “The Story of Louis Pasteur”
  9. “A Tale of Two Cities”
  10. “Three Smart Girls”

Would these films still be nominees if we could do it all again? Certainly not. As the years have passed, films like the Deanna Durbin musical “Three Smart Girls” and the George Cukor directedMr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936) “Romeo and Juliet”, while still good, entertaining movies, just lack being “Best Picture” quality. “Anthony Adverse”, “The Story of Louis Pasteur”, “A Tale of Two Cities”, and that year’s Best Picture winner, “The Great Ziegfeld”, also are films worth seeing, but mostly have fallen by the wayside. In all likelihood, most if not all of these six films would not be nominated if we could have a do-over. The remaining four, however, still hold up today. “Dodsworth” is a wonderful drama that showcases the talents of  stars Walter Houston and Mary Astor, and the directing talent of William Wyler. “Libeled Lady” might seem an interesting Best Picture choice, but when you watch this film it is easy to see that it is a flawless production. Libeled Lady (1936)Of course the combination of William Powell, Jean Harlow, Myrna Loy, and Spencer Tracy is enough to make any film one of the best of any year. “Mr. Deeds Goes to Town” is not only one of the best of 1936, it’s one the best of director Frank Capra’s career. It earned him a much deserved Oscar (his second of three), and is just as entertaining today as it was in 1936. Last, but not least, we have “San Francisco” starring Clark Gable, Jeanette McDonald, and Spencer Tracy. This doesn’t seem to be a movie that everyone has seen today, but I certainly feel it is still deserving of a nomination. Of course now that we have some open spots, it’s important to see if there were other films that could step up and fill these new vacancies.

Swing Time (1936)

Fortunately, there are plenty of other noteworthy films released in 1936. It is interesting to look at a few different sources to find films that have lasted. For instance, the American Film Institute has done their countdowns of the “Greatest American Films of All Time”, and on their list the only two films from 1936 are Charlie Chaplin’s absolutely brilliant “Modern Times”Modern Times (1936) and what is quite possibly the best of the Fred Astaire/ Ginger Rogers collaborations, “Swing Time”. How these films were not nominated in 1936 is a real mystery to me. We could also take a glance at the foreign films from that year which include Jean Renoir’s “The Crime of Monsieur Lange”,  “Le Roman d’un tricheur” (or “The Story of a Cheat”), which was directed, written, and starring Sacha Guitry, and from Sweden there was “Intermezzo” which starred a young Ingrid Bergman in the role that would grab the attention of producer David O. Selznick. There were a couple of notable British films as well, including William Cameron Menzies’ “Things to Come” The Petrified Forest (1936)and Alfred Hitchcock’s “Sabotage”, which have gained significant popularity as the years have passed, and with good reason.

German director Fritz Lang made his American debut with the Spencer Tracy drama “Fury”, which even with a few flaws, still has a certain greatness. There was “Come and Get It” which featured one of the many perfect performances from Walter Brennan, the Cecil B. DeMille directed “The Plainsman”, and of course there was “The Petrified Forest” starring Leslie Howard, Bette Davis, and Humphrey Bogart. Also, we can’t forget about “Camille”, which although didn’t overwhelm voters in 1936 (only receiving one Academy Award nomination for Greta Garbo’s performance), is now regarded quite highly. Although it is hard to rank Garbo’s performances, “Camille” is both one of Camille (1936)her greatest and most memorable.

Rounding out our list of possibilities are the comedy “Theodora Goes Wild” (which earned Irene Dunne a Best Actress nomination), William Keighley’s “Bullets or Ballots”, and “Wife Vs. Secretary” with Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, and Myrna Loy. Last, but clearly not least, is one of the obvious oversights in 1936, “My Man Godfrey”. Although “My Man Godfrey” failed to earn itself a Best Picture nomination, it did receive six other nominations for Best Director (Gregory La Cava), Best Actor (William Powell), Best Actress (Carole Lombard), Best Supporting Actor (Mischa Auer), Best Supporting Actress (Alice Brady), and Best Writing, Screenplay (Eric Hatch & Morrie Ryskind). It was the first film to receive nominations in all four My Man Godfrey (1936)acting categories (as this was the first year awards were given for supporting performances), and it is still the only film to ever receive nominations in all acting categories without getting a Best Picture nomination. Quite an oversight in my opinion, but then again, I have the power of hindsight.

Clearly 1936 was a good year for movies, so much so in fact that it is hard to decide exactly which films should be the Best Picture Nominations, but after more consideration than I thought possible, here is my list of the Power of Hindsight – 1936, Best Picture nominees. Pretty impressive, if I say so myself.

  1. “Camille”San Francisco (1936)
  2. “Dodsworth”
  3. “The Great Ziegfeld”
  4. “Libeled Lady”
  5. “Modern Times”
  6. “Mr. Deeds Goes to Town”
  7. “My Man Godfrey”
  8. “The Petrified Forest”
  9. “San Francisco”
  10. “Swing Time”

The Power of Hindsight: 1954 at the Movies

Time changes things; there’s no denying that it’s true. Movies are no different, and with each passing year, an individual film’s legacy is altered by how it is remembered and revered. Sometimes a film that is extremely popular upon its initial release tends to lose some of its glory. The Country Girl (1954)On the other hand there are many films that go unnoticed until years, sometimes decades later, and then suddenly we all seem to realize this brilliantly crafted masterpiece that has been staring us in the face the whole time.

For the most part, it is this idea that is the inspiration for this series I’ve entitled, “The Power of Hindsight”. I’ve already written on the year that was 1963, but this time I will go back to one of my favorite years in film, 1954. In order to make the definitive Lasso the Movies “Best of” list, I have carefully examined the films released in that year and have picked up to ten that I consider the very best- much in the same fashion that the Academy Award Best Picture nominees are chosen. The major difference in my selection process is that I am looking at a list of all films released in 1954, and not just released in America. (The foreign market is so often overlooked, especially during the 1950’s, but luckily we can now appreciate these films as well.)

Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954)

What I knew about 1954 is that I loved several films released in those short twelve months. What I didn’t know was how many amazing movies there would be vying for the coveted ten spots. In 1954, the Academy Awards only chose five Best Picture nominees. These films were:

“The Caine Mutiny”, “The Country Girl”, “On the Waterfront”, “Seven Brides for Seven Brothers”, and “Three Coins in the Fountain”

On the Waterfront (1954)

All of these films are good in their own right, but when you examine the other releases, things become crowded… quickly.The Barefoot Contessa (1954)

Another big award winner that year was “The Barefoot Contessa”, with Humphrey Bogart, Ava Gardner, and Edmond O’Brien (who did win Best Supporting Actor). Director Otto Preminger released two musical films, the well liked “Carmen Jones”, staring Dorothy Dandridge and Harry Belafonte, and the financially successful “River of No Return”, with Marilyn Monroe and Robert Mitchum. Other musicals that year were the holiday favorite, “White Christmas”, the Frank Sinatra/Doris Day drama, “Young at Heart”, “Brigadoon” with Gene Kelly and Cyd Charisse, and George Cukor’s remake of “A Star is Born”. The latter of which earned Academy Award nominations for both of its stars: James Mason and Judy Garland (in her comeback role).

A Star is Born (1954)

The foreign language market in 1954 is one of the greatest of all time as well, with many of the biggest names in directing history appearing one right after another. Japanese filmmaker Kenji Mizoguchi released one of his greatest films, “Sansho the Bailiff”, in March, Jean Renoir’s “The French Cancan” came out in April, Roberto Rossellini’s “Journey to Italy” in September, and Luchino Visconti’s “Senso” came out in December. Seven Samurai (1954)Also coming out that year were two films that always seem to find their way towards the top of everyone’s “greatest all time” lists, Federico Fellini’s “La Strada” and Akira Kurosawa’s epic masterpiece, “The Seven Samurai”. I haven’t even mentioned Ishiro Honda’s “Godzilla”, which might not be considered the “highest quality” film ever made, but it’s legacy and significance can’t be overlooked, especially when examining a specific year.

Back in the English-speaking world, the great films were just as plentiful. Disney released their adaptation of the Jules Verne classic, “20,000 Leagues Under the Sea”, to both critical and financial success, Dial M for Murder (1954)John Wayne starred and produced in the disaster drama, “The High and the Mighty”, not to mention the emotional and inspiring drama, “Salt of the Earth”. Alfred Hitchcock released two films that year: “Rear Window” and “Dial M for Murder”. I happen to think these are two of his finest films, which says a lot considering how much I admire his career. Grace Kelly appeared in both of those Hitchcock films (and won an Academy Award for “The Country Girl”), but she also starred alongside William Holden in well received “The Bridges at Toko-Ri” released in December.

Rear Window (1954)

Nicholas Ray directed the western “Johnny Guitar” that year, Douglas Sirk made “Magnificent Obsession”, the mystery/noir classic “Black Widow” came out, David Lean released “Hobson’s Choice”, and Edward Dmytryk (who also directed “The Caine Mutiny”) released his western, “Broken Lance”, starring Spencer Tracy.Sabrina (1954) Just in case all of these titles aren’t enough to make your head spin, Billy Wilder also released one of his all-time greats, “Sabrina” in 1954, which with star power and pitch-perfect writing has remained just as entertaining as ever; even almost 60 years later.

So how does someone only pick ten of these films? There are so many worthy choices, but with only ten spots, someone is going to get left out of the party. Looking at the five films that did get Academy Award nominations in 1954, “On the Waterfront” La Strada (1954)was the Best Picture winner that year, and deservingly so. It is hands-down one of the top twenty American films ever made, and will definitely make my final cut. I have decided that “The Caine Mutiny” and “The Country Girl” are still both deserving of being called “one of the best” also. They both are marvelously crafted, were directed and written extremely well, and offer some of the best acting performances you will ever find. The other two nominees, “Three Coins in the Fountain” and “Seven Brides for Seven Brothers”,Hobson's Choice (1954) however, are going to be replaced on my list. I see why they were loved in 1954, but I don’t think they have won the test of time.

Continuing on, “Rear Window” is a film that seems to improve with time. It is widely considered Hitchcock’s third best film, behind “Vertigo” (1958) and “Psycho” (1960), and is ranked the 48th greatest American film on the last AFI poll. Akira Kurosawa’s “The Seven Samurai” was ranked the 17th greatest film of all time on Sight & Sound’s director’s poll and their critic’s poll in 2012. It was ranked above any other film from 1954 on both lists, thus securing itself a place on mine. Another film ranked highly on the Sight & Sound director’s poll was “La Strada”. The Caine Mutiny (1954)Although this isn’t a film that I would personally consider a favorite, I do see its importance and significance.

With the more “obvious” choices out-of-the-way, things got really tricky, but finally I was able to narrow it down to ten. Here they are, the ten films that I think represent the best in motion pictures 1954- and what a grouping it is, too.

The Power of Hindsight: 1963 at the Movies

It is incredibly difficult to pick the best films of a given year-especially while still in that year. Each winter, when the Academy Award nominees are announced, I sit back and contemplate all of the nominees, as well Tom Jones (1963)as those who I feel were snubbed in some way. Of course years later when we look back, many of our opinions have changed because time has altered things.

I know it sounds crazy, but imagine if you could go back years later and recast your votes for the best films of a given year. Hindsight would have affected things on many levels. Perhaps a movie that played well with audiences upon it’s release became tired after just a couple of viewings; or maybe there was a film that struck a chord inside us, but it wasn’t until later that we finally realized how brilliantly that movie was crafted. Many films are nominated, not because they are Lilies of the Field (1963)great, but rather due to studios that promoted them well, in order to secure themselves a nomination. Then you must also factor in the foreign films that weren’t seen until later, because let’s be honest, the foreign market is often overlooked, come awards season. And then there are the smaller, underground films that stayed in our hearts and minds over the passing years, until they finally achieved their deserved recognition.

Well, here at Lasso the Movies, that is exactly what has happened. It is time to go back and examine which films have survived the torment of time, and stillAmerica America (1963) captivate audiences today. We don’t have to vote for a film just because everyone is calling it a “masterpiece”. We know which films are great and which ones are mediocre, due to the power of hindsight.

In order to be as fair and honest as possible, I have decided to use the same type of format that is in place for the Academy Awards today. There must be five nominees, but there cannot be more than ten. I will examine as many films from that year as possible, and pick which ones I feel are worthy of my nomination. The Great Escape (1963)Please feel free to share your thoughts on these films, and mention any that you feel I may have overlooked.

I will also point out that I am a firm believer in the saying, “It’s an honor just to be nominated”. I am not picking a winner for the group; just a group of films that after all these years, are worthy of being called the best.

So without further ado, here is the year of 1963:

The five Best Picture nominees at the Academy Awards were:

“America America”, “Cleopatra”, “How the West was Won”, “Lilies of the Field” and “Tom Jones”

Despite their grandiose exterior and all star casts, both “Cleopatra” and “How the West was Won” are no longer considered “great” films. They had potential, but unfortunately, never reached the high goals the filmmakers were striving towards. They could have made the list, but there just isn’t enough room, so they’re8 1/2 (1963) out. Perhaps “Cleopatra” still has what it takes to be one of the films on the final list, but it certainly didn’t end up being as great as was expected. The remaining three films are all still brilliant movies that certainly deserve a nomination (and another viewing).

In the foreign film market, there is no question that Federico Fellini’s “8 1/2” has become one of the most respected and influential films of all time, putting it on the list. Also, Akira Kurosawa’s crime saga, “High and Low” reached American audiences in November of that year, and Luchino Visconti’s “Il Gattopardo” or “The Leopard” opened in mid July.

The Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture Drama was awarded to Otto Preminger’s “The Cardinal”. This film about a Catholic priest who becomes a cardinal on the eve of WWII, was nominated for six AcademyThe Cardinal (1963) Awards, including Best Director, but failed to receive a Best Picture nomination. (No film since has won the top prize at the Golden Globes without at least being nominated at the Oscars.)

Other possible contenders are John Sturges’ classic WWII adventure film, “The Great Escape”, the perfectly acted character piece, “Hud”, and Samuel Fuller’s gritty and highly controversial look at the world through theCleopatra (1963) eyes of an insane asylum, “Shock Corridor”. Some of the more popular films from this year also include “It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World”, “Lord of the Flies”, “El Dorado” and “The V.I.P.’s” , but I don’t feel that any of those particular films have the same lasting ability or overwhelming feeling of greatness. Of course no look at 1963 could be complete without factoring in the importance of Alfred Hitchcock’s immortal thriller, “The Birds”.

Now there is a great collection of films! So which ones have made the final cut? Here are the Lasso the Movies’ nominees for Best Picture, 1963.

“8 1/2”The Birds (1963)

“America America”

“The Birds”

“The Cardinal”

“Cleopatra”

“The Great Escape”

“Hud”Shock Corridor (1963)

“Lilies of the Field”

“Shock Corridor”

“Tom Jones”

Then again, that’s just my thoughts. What do you think?